The TREE command in Windows Command Prompt is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path as a tree diagram. This command is particularly useful for obtaining a clear hierarchical view of directory layouts, making it easier to manage and analyze the structure of directories and their subdirectories.


The basic syntax for the TREE command is:

TREE [drive:][path] [/F] [/A]
  • drive:: Specifies the drive that contains the disk for which you want to display the directory structure.
  • path: Specifies the directory for which you want to display the structure.


  • /F : Displays the names of the files in each directory.
  • /A : Use ASCII instead of extended characters. This is useful for redirecting the output to a file or a printer that does not support extended characters.


  1. Basic Directory Tree:
    Display the tree structure of the directories starting from the current directory:

  2. Include Files:
    Display both directories and files within the current directory:

    TREE /F
  3. Specifying a Path:
    Display the tree structure of directories under a specified path:

    TREE C:\Users\ExampleUser\Documents
  4. ASCII Output:
    Display the directory tree using ASCII characters:

    TREE /A
  5. Directory Tree with Files Using ASCII:
    Combine both /F and /A to display a comprehensive structure with files, using ASCII characters:

    TREE /F /A

Common Issues

  • Access Denied Errors: You may encounter this if you do not have the necessary permissions to view certain directories. Ensure you have the appropriate access rights, or run the Command Prompt as an administrator.
  • Output Clutter: When directories have many subdirectories or files, the output can become unwieldy. Redirect the output to a file using >, e.g., TREE /F > output.txt for easier analysis.


The TREE command can be combined with other command line tools to enhance its functionality:

  • Save Output to Text File:

    TREE /F > tree.txt

    This saves the tree structure to a text file named tree.txt.

  • Pipe to MORE Command:


    This is useful for viewing the output in paginated form, especially when the directory hierarchy is extensive.

  • DIR: Used to list the files and subdirectories in a directory.
  • CD: Changes the current directory.
  • MKDIR (MD): Creates a directory.

For further reading and more detailed information on the TREE command, refer to the official Microsoft documentation: Microsoft Docs – TREE Command.