The RUN command in Windows CMD is used to execute specified programs or commands directly from the command line. Its primary purpose is to provide a quick and straightforward method to start applications or run scripts without the need to navigate through menus or graphical interfaces. It is most effectively used in automation scripts, batch jobs, and administrative tasks.


The basic syntax of the RUN command is as follows:

RUN executable [arguments]
  • executable: This is the path to the executable file or script you wish to run.
  • [arguments]: These are optional arguments or parameters you can pass to the executable.


The RUN command generally does not have additional options or flags. It straightforwardly executes the specified command or program. However, specific behavior can be controlled by the options within the command or script being executed rather than RUN itself.


  1. Running a Program:
    To run Microsoft Word from the command line:

    RUN winword.exe
  2. Executing a Script:
    To execute a Python script:

    RUN python
  3. Passing Arguments:
    To open a specific document with Notepad:

    RUN notepad.exe C:\Users\Example\Document.txt

Common Issues

  • File Not Found: The most common issue is the ‘file not found’ error, which occurs if the path to the executable is incorrect. Ensure the path and file name are correct.
  • Permission Issues: Running certain programs might require administrative privileges. Right-click on CMD and select ‘Run as administrator’ to avoid permission issues.


The RUN command can be used in conjunction with other CMD commands to create powerful scripts. For example, you can use FOR loops to execute a command multiple times:

FOR %%A IN (1 2 3) DO RUN process.exe %%A

This command would run process.exe three times with different arguments.

  • START: Used to open a new window to run a specified program or command.
  • CALL: Invokes a batch file from another batch file.
  • CMD: Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.

For further reading on CMD commands and their usage, refer to the official Microsoft Command-line Reference.