BDO File – What is .bdo file and how to open it?


BDO File Extension

Binding Data Object – file format by NATO Standardization Office

BDO (Binding Data Object) is a file extension developed by the NATO Standardization Office. It is a binary file format used to store data in a structured manner. It is designed to be used for the exchange of data between different systems and applications.

File Description

BDO files are Binding Data Objects (BDOs), an XML-based file format developed by the NATO Standardization Office. BDOs are used to represent the essential characteristics of military capability and systems. They provide a standardized way to exchange and share data between different systems and organizations. BDOs include information such as:

  • System identification and description
  • Technical specifications
  • Performance characteristics
  • Interoperability requirements
  • Support and maintenance data

Usage and Benefits

BDO files play a crucial role in military operations by enabling interoperability and data exchange. They are used in a variety of applications, including:

  • Planning and decision-making for operations
  • Assessment of capabilities and interdependencies
  • Acquisition and life-cycle management of systems
  • Training and simulation
  • Configuration management and data governance

The use of BDO files helps to improve data accuracy, consistency, and traceability throughout the military enterprise. By providing a standardized framework for data representation, BDOs facilitate collaboration and sharing of information between organizations.

Using Allied Data Publication (ADP-33)

ADP-33, known as the “NATO Binding Data Object (BDO) Standard,” provides guidelines and specifications for BDO files. It defines the format, structure, and encoding rules used in BDOs. To open a BDO file using ADP-33, you may need to:

  1. Obtain a copy of ADP-33 from the NATO Standardization Office or other authorized sources.
  2. Study the document to understand the BDO file structure and encoding rules.
  3. Use a software tool or library compatible with ADP-33 to decode and interpret the BDO file. This may involve custom development or using existing BDO processing tools available online.

Specialized Software

There are specialized software tools designed to handle BDO files. These tools typically provide user-friendly interfaces for opening, viewing, and manipulating BDO data. Some notable software options include:

  1. STANAG 3390 Suite: A comprehensive toolset developed by the NATO Standardization Office for working with BDO files. It includes tools for data visualization, conversion, validation, and more.
  2. BDO Viewer: A free and open-source software tool that allows users to view and navigate BDO files. It provides basic functionality for exploring the BDO structure and extracting specific data elements.
  3. BDO Toolkit: A commercial software package that offers a range of features for working with BDO files, including data editing, conversion, and validation.

History and Development of the BDO File Format

The Binding Data Object (BDO) file format was initially developed by the NATO Standardization Office (NSO) to facilitate data exchange within the NATO Command and Control System (NC3). It was designed as a platform-independent format capable of representing complex data structures and relationships. The BDO format was ratified as a NATO standard (STANAG 6065) in 2005 and has since become widely adopted across the NATO member countries.

Structure and Features of BDO Files

BDO files employ a hierarchical structure to organize data, featuring a collection of objects that can contain other objects or data items. Each object consists of a set of attributes, which can represent simple data types (e.g., numbers, strings) or complex data structures (e.g., arrays, lists). BDO files also support the definition of data types, which enables the validation and interpretation of data during exchange. The format allows for the representation of relationships between objects, creating a flexible and extensible data model. Additionally, BDO files incorporate security features to protect sensitive data and ensure data integrity during transmission and storage.

Other Extensions