Wheremethod - PowerShell


The Where-Object (or Where) command in PowerShell is a powerful filtering tool that allows you to select specific objects from a collection based on a given condition. It’s a versatile command used in various scenarios to extract desired data or perform actions on filtered objects.


The Where-Object command has the following syntax:

Where-Object [-FilterScript] <filter> { <script-block> }
Where [[-FilterScript] <filter> | -Filter <filter>] [-Exclude] { <script-block> }


  • -FilterScript: Specifies a script block that defines the filter condition.
  • -Filter: Similar to -FilterScript, but the condition is specified as a string.
  • -Exclude: Inverts the filtering, selecting objects that do not meet the condition.
  • { }: Defines the actions to be performed on the filtered objects.


| Option | Description | Default |
| -FilterScript | Specifies a script block for the filtering condition. | N/A |
| -Filter | Specifies a string expression for the filtering condition. | N/A |
| -Exclude | Inverts the filtering, selecting objects that fail the condition. | False |


Selecting Even Numbers:

Get-Number -Maximum 20 | Where-Object { $_ % 2 -eq 0 }

Filtering Names from a File:

Get-Content .\names.txt | Where-Object { $_ -match "John" }

Excluding Objects Based on Type:

Get-ChildItem | Where-Object -Exclude { $_.PSObject.TypeNames -contains "directory" }

Piping Results to Other Commands:

Get-Process | Where-Object { $_.Name -like "*explorer*" } | Stop-Process

Common Issues

  • No matches: Ensure the filter condition is correct and that the input collection contains objects that meet the criteria.
  • Syntax errors: Carefully check the syntax of the Where-Object command, especially when using script blocks.
  • Unexpected results: Double-check the logic of the filtering condition to ensure it aligns with the intended outcome.


Where-Object can be combined with other commands and tools to enhance its functionality:

  • Get-WhereUnique: Filter objects based on unique values.
  • Group-Object: Group objects based on the filtering condition.
  • ForEach-Object: Perform actions on each filtered object.