Use Transaction - PowerShell


Use-Transaction establishes a transaction scope to ensure that a set of PowerShell commands is executed as a single atomic unit of work. Within a transaction, either all commands succeed, or if any command fails, the entire transaction is rolled back, ensuring data integrity. This command is particularly useful for ensuring consistent database operations or in scenarios where multiple PowerShell commands need to be executed atomically.


Use-Transaction [-Force] [-TransactionScopeVariable <string>] {[-Do] <scriptBlock>}


  • -Force: Forces the creation of a new transaction scope, even if a transaction scope is already active.
  • -TransactionScopeVariable: Assigns the reference to the transaction object to the specified variable.


Example 1: Simple Transaction Scope

Use-Transaction {
  # Execute commands within the transaction scope
  New-Item -Path "C:\Temp\File1.txt" -Type File
  New-Item -Path "C:\Temp\File2.txt" -Type File

In this example, the two New-Item commands are executed within a transaction scope. If both commands succeed, the files are created on the disk. If either command fails, both files are rolled back and not created.

Example 2: Transaction Scope with Variable

Use-Transaction -TransactionScopeVariable MyTransaction {
  # Execute commands within the transaction scope
  # ...

# Access the transaction object

In this example, the transaction scope variable MyTransaction is used to access the transaction object and manually commit the transaction using the Complete method.

Common Issues

  • Nested Transactions: Avoid nesting transactions. If a transaction fails in a nested transaction, the entire outermost transaction will be rolled back.
  • Long-Running Transactions: Keep transactions as short as possible to avoid locking resources for an extended period.
  • Deadlocks: Deadlocks can occur if multiple transactions attempt to modify the same resources simultaneously. Consider using optimistic concurrency or pessimistic locking to mitigate deadlocks.


Integration with Database Transactions: The Use-Transaction command can be integrated with database transactions to ensure data integrity across PowerShell commands and database operations. For example, you can execute database queries and PowerShell commands within the same transaction scope using the Invoke-Sqlcmd cmdlet.

Related Commands:

  • Invoke-Sqlcmd: Executes SQL commands against a database.
  • Start-Transaction: Creates a new transaction object on a specific database connection.
  • Commit-Transaction: Commits a transaction.
  • Rollback-Transaction: Rolls back a transaction.