The SET PASSWORD command modifies the password for the MySQL server user account specified in the syntax. It’s commonly used to reset or change user passwords, especially for new users or after security audits.


SET PASSWORD FOR <username> = <new_password>

Syntax Variations:

  • Regular: Modifies the password for the current user if username is not specified.
  • Superuser: Only users with the SUPER privilege can change passwords for other users.

Required Arguments:

  • : The MySQL user account whose password is being modified.
  • <new_password>: The new password for the specified user.




Changing Current User’s Password

SET PASSWORD = 'new_password';

Setting Password for a Specific User (Superuser)

SET PASSWORD FOR 'new_user' = 'new_password';

Common Issues

  • Incorrect Syntax: Ensure the syntax is correct; check for missing arguments and proper formatting.
  • Permission Denied: Verify that the current user has the required privileges to change the password of the specified user.
  • Security Error: Check for any potential security issues, such as weak passwords or unauthorized attempts to change passwords.


The SET PASSWORD command can be integrated into scripts or automated tasks for user management. For instance, it can be used with the GRANT command to grant privileges to newly created users after setting their initial passwords.

  • GRANT: Grants privileges to MySQL users.
  • CREATE USER: Creates new MySQL user accounts.
  • RESET PASSWORD: Resets a user’s password to a random value.