Register WmiEvent - PowerShell


Register-WmiEvent registers a PowerShell script to be executed when a specified Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) event is raised. This allows for automated event handling and simplifies event subscription management.


Register-WmiEvent [-Listener {ListenerName}] [-SourceName <string>] [[-Namespace <string>]|[-Class <string>|[-Query <string|CIMQuery>]]] [-Filter <string|CIMFilter>] [-Action <ScriptBlock>] [-MaxEvents <Int32>] [-ThrowOnError] [-AsJob] [-CimSession <CimSession>] [-ErrorAction <ActionPreference>] [-Force]


  • -Listener: Specifies the name of the event listener to create or use. Defaults to “PowerShellListener”.
  • -SourceName: The name of the WMI event source to monitor.
  • -Namespace: The WMI namespace where the event is located.
  • -Class: The WMI class that generates the event.
  • -Query: A WQL query to filter the events.
  • -Filter: A WMI event filter to apply.
  • -Action: A script block to execute when the event is raised.
  • -MaxEvents: The maximum number of events to store in the listener. Defaults to 100.
  • -ThrowOnError: Indicates whether to throw an error if the event registration fails.
  • -AsJob: Runs the command as a background job.
  • -CimSession: Specifies a CIM session to use for the operation.
  • -ErrorAction: Specifies the action to take if an error occurs.
  • -Force: Overwrites an existing event listener with the same name.


Example 1: Register an event listener for the “Win32_LogonSession” event:

Register-WmiEvent -Listener MyListener -SourceName Win32_LogonSession

Example 2: Register an event listener with a filter:

$filter = "EventCode = 592"
Register-WmiEvent -Listener MyListener -SourceName Win32_LogonSession -Filter $filter

Example 3: Register an event listener with an action script:

$action = {
    Write-EventLog -LogName "MyEventLog" -Source "MyListener" -EntryType "Information" -Message "Event occurred: $($Event.EventCode)"
Register-WmiEvent -Listener MyListener -SourceName Win32_LogonSession -Action $action

Common Issues

  • Event registration fails: Verify that the specified WMI event source and class exist.
  • No events are raised: Ensure that the WMI provider is enabled and the event filter is correctly configured.
  • Script execution errors: Check the syntax of the action script and ensure that it has sufficient permissions to perform the desired actions.


Register-WmiEvent can be used in conjunction with other PowerShell commands to automate event handling tasks. For example, it can be combined with Start-Job to run the action script in a background job, or with Get-WmiEvent to retrieve and process event data.