git-show-index - Linux


git-show-index displays information about the index, which is the staging area for changes to files before committing them to the Git repository. It allows users to inspect the current state of the index, including file paths, status, and other metadata.


git show-index [<options>]


  • -a, –all: Show information for all files, including unmodified files.
  • -c, –config: Show index version, format, and signature information.
  • –extraflags: Display extra flags that were used when building the index.
  • -d, –debug: Enable debug mode.
  • -f, –full: Provide full path of each file.
  • –hash-algo: Show the hash algorithm used for the index.
  • -i, –id: Show the Git object ID of the index.
  • -p, –patch: Show a patch of the changes between the index and the working tree.
  • –show-option: Show configuration options.
  • -w, –summary: Display a summary of the index.


  • Show the current state of the index:
git show-index
  • Display the full path of all files in the index:
git show-index -f
  • Display the patch of changes between the index and the working tree for the specified file:
git show-index -p path/to/file

Common Issues

  • Index Corruption: If the index is corrupted, git-show-index may fail or display incorrect information. Run git fsck to check for and repair index corruption.
  • Out-of-date Index: If the index is not up-to-date with the working tree, the information displayed by git-show-index may not be accurate. Use git add or git reset to update the index.


git-show-index can be combined with other Git commands to perform advanced tasks, such as:

  • Inspecting the index before committing: Run git show-index before committing to verify that the intended changes are staged.
  • Creating a patch from the index: Combine git-show-index -p with git diff or git patch to create a patch from the changes in the index.

Related Commands

  • git add: Adds files to the index.
  • git commit: Commits changes to the repository.
  • git status: Shows the status of the working tree and the index.