crond - Linux


crond is a daemon process that manages scheduled jobs and tasks on Linux systems. It provides a flexible way to execute commands or scripts at predefined intervals or specific times.


crond [options]


  • -c, –config <file_path>: Specify an alternate configuration file.
  • -f, –foreground: Run crond in the foreground instead of as a daemon.
  • -h, –help: Display help information.
  • -l, –log <file_path>: Set the logging file for crond.
  • -n, –dry-run: Perform a dry run without executing any jobs.
  • -q, –quiet: Suppress diagnostic messages.
  • -V, –version: Display version information.


Simple Usage:

Schedule a job to run a command every minute:

crontab -e

Add the following line to the crontab file:

* * * * * /usr/bin/my_command

Complex Usage:

Schedule a job to run a script at 10 am and 8 pm on weekdays:

crontab -e

Add the following line to the crontab file:

0 10,20 * * 1-5 /usr/bin/my_script

Common Issues

  • Error accessing crontab file: Ensure you have permission to edit and save the crontab file.
  • Jobs not executing on time: Verify that the time settings in your crontab file are correct and that crond is running.
  • Cron daemon not starting: Check the system logs for errors related to crond or consult the crontab documentation.


  • Crontab editing tools: Use the crontab -e command or GUI tools to edit crontab files.
  • Log analysis: Monitor cron logs (usually in /var/log/cron) to track job execution and potential issues.
  • Job scheduling libraries: Integrate crond with task scheduling libraries such as APScheduler or Celery.

Related Commands

  • crontab: Edit and manage crontab files.
  • at: Schedule one-time jobs.
  • anacron: Runs jobs that may have been missed due to system downtime.